Since the late 20th century the Summer Paralympics have been held in the same city that hosts the Olympic Games.The games feature top athletes with a disability.
The Summer Paralympic Games in Tokyo, Japan, are from August 25 to September 6, 2020. The two newest sports to be given Paralympic status are badminton and taekwondo, which will both make their debut at the Tokyo 2020 Games.
The opening ceremony will take place on Tuesday 25 August in the Tokyo National Stadium and the wheelchair tennis event gets underway on Friday 28 August at the Ariake Tennis Park, lasting for nine days until Saturday 5 September.
The history of the Paralympic Games dates back to 1948, when Sir Ludwig Guttmann, organised an archery competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries. Four years later, competitors from Holland joined the Games, and the international movement.
Olympic games for athletes with a disability were organised for the first time in Rome in 1960. Since the 1988 Games in Seoul, they have been held shortly after the Summer Olympic Games using the same venues and facilities.
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